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Ship Name Histories - Database of histories of ship names beginning with letter C.

Cacheu

Name Origin: A small village in Portuguese Guinea.

Cacongo

Name Origin: Cisongo, or hither Congo, a territory on the northern side of the Lower Congo in Africa, part of which belongs to Portugal since 1885.

Cadmus

Name Origin: In Greek mythology the founder of Thebes.

Caesar

Name Origin: Caius Julius Caesar, the great Roman conqueror and statesman, born about 102 B.C, died 44 B.C.  He conquered the greater part of the Gaul, and made two expeditions to Britain.  He defeated Pompey, his rival, at the battle of Pharsalus, and as Dictator of the Roman Empire introduced innumerable important reforms in all branches of the administration.  The members of the strict Republican Party, who dealed his making himself king in name, as he was in fact, murdered him.  During his short Dictatorship he laid the foundations of the Roman Empire.  As an author he is celebrated for the account he wrote of his Gallic wars, and the civil war.  None of his other works on a variety of subjects have come down to us.

Caiman

Name Origin: Cayman, alligator.

Calabria

Name Origin: Southernmost province of Italy, the ancient Bruttium.

Calliope

Name Origin: In Greek mythology one of the nine Muses; the Muse of Epic Poetry.

Calypso

Name Origin: In Homer’s Odyssey a goddess inhabiting the Island of Ogygia, supposed to have been Malta.  She became enamoured of Odysseus (Ulysses), who was shipwrecked on her island, and promised him immortality if he would remain and marry her.  Though she succeeded in retaining him seven years the gods at last ordered her to let him go.

Calypso

Name Origin: In homer’s Odyssey a goddess inhabiting the island of Ogygia, supposed to have been Malta.  She became enamoured of Odysseus (Ulysses), who was shipwrecked on her island, and promised him immortality of he would remain and marry her.  Though she succeeded in detaining him seven years, the gods at last ordered her to let him go.

Camaeleon
Name Origin: Chameleon.

Cambrian

Name Origin: Inhabitant of ancient Wales the “Britannia Secunda” of the Romans.  “Cambria” is derived from “Cymry” or “Kymey,” the name by which the Welsh have always called themselves.

Cambridge

Name Origin: Capital of the county of that name, and one of the oldest and most celebrated of the English universities.  It is situated on the river Cam, tributary of the Ouse.

Camoxim

Name Origin: Small seaport town situated in the State of Ceara

Camperdown

Name Origin: Admiral Adam Duncan, Viscount Duncan of Camperdown; born 1731, died 1804.  His early naval career was uneventful.  Having become Captain in 1761, he commanded the Valiant, bearing Commodore’s Keppel’s broad pennant, at the reduction of Havannah the following year.  In 1780, still a Captain, and in command of the Monarch, he took part in Rodney’s victory over the Spaniards under Langara, off Cape St. Vincent, on January 16th.  Having reached flag rank in 1787, he was promoted Vice-Admiral in February 1795, and appointed to the command of a squadron destined for the blockade of the Dutch coast.  For the next years and eight months, with rare and short intervals, he kept such close watch on that treacherous coast as to completely paralyse the trade of the Dutch and keep their fleet in port.  When during his temporary absence, to refit at the Nore, the Dutch at last came out, he promptly returned and fell upon them, and on October 11th 1797, totally defeated them off Kamperduin (Camperdown), capturing 9 of their 16 ships of the line.  For these services he was created Baron Duncan of Lundie, and Viscount Duncan of Camperdown.

Canada

Name Origin: Discovered Cabot in 1497, it was taken possession of by France in 1534, the first settlement being made at Quebec in 1608.  After the British under Wolfe had captured that city in 1759, the Traty of Paris 1763 ceded the whole of Canada to Great Britain.  Nova Scotia had been ceded by the Traty of Utrecht 1713.

Cananea

Name Origin: Small seaport town situated in the State of San Paulo

Canning

Name Origin: Charles, Earl Canning; born 1812 died 1862.  In 1856 he succeeded Lord Dalhousie as Governor General of India, and after having suppressed the Mutiny of 1857, he became the first Viceroy of India.  He retired in 1862.

Canopo

Name Origin: A star of the first magnitude in the Southern Hemisphere.  The name was borne by an Egyptian god, and also by the legendary pilot of King Menelaus.

Canopus

Name Origin: Commemorates the capture at the Battle of the Nile, August 1st 1798, by Sir Horatio Nelson’s squadron, of the French 80-gun ship Franklin, Captain M, Gillet, bearing the flag of Rear-Admiral Du Chayla.  She was anchored as sixth ship in the French line and struck about midnight, after having most gallantly fought the Swiftsure, Orion, Defence and Leader, and having been set on fire by the debris of the Orient, which had shortly before blown up close to her.  The Franklin was taken into the Royal Navy, after having been, at Nelson’s suggestion, renamed Canopus, the name of an ancient Egyptian city, famous for its temple of Serphis which once stood near the site of the present town of Aboukir, and from which the canopic mouth of the Nile derived its name.

Capello

Name Origin: H. A. Brito Capellio, a naval officer born in 1839.  In 1860 he took part in an exploring expedition in Angola (West Africa).  From 1877 to 1879 he led an expedition through Coango, and in 1885 crossed the African continent from Angola to the Mozambique.

Capitaine Cuny

Name Origin: Army officer, who fell in the attack on Son Tay in 1883.

Capitaine Mehl

Name Origin: Army officer, who fell in the attack on Son Tay in 1883.

Caprera

Name Origin: small island off the north point of Sardinia, to which Garibaldi retired in 1854, which he purchased, and where he died and was buried in 1882.

Carabina

Name Origin: Rifle.

Carabine

Name Origin: Carbine, small rifle.

Carabinier

Name Origin: Mounted soldier armed with a carbine.

Carioca

Name Origin: Small River at Rio de Janeiro, which provides the capital with drinking water.  The name is the native one for Brazilians born at Rio de Janeiro.

Carlo Alberto

Name Origin: Charles Albert, king of Sardinia 1831-1849.  He reformed the constitution and was a liberal minded sovereign.  He headed the movement and directed the first war for the delivery of Northern Italy from Austrian rule.  The present King of Italy is his great grandson.

Carnarvon

Name Origin: A maritime county of North Wales.  Edward II of England, the first Prince of Wales, was born at Carnarvon in 1284, and was presented by Edward I to the Welsh as their Prince.

Carnot

Name Origin: This ship commemorates the name of Lazare Carnot, “the organiser of victory,” and Sadi Carnot, his grandson, late President of the French Republic.

            (1) Lazare N. M. Carnot, born 1753, died 1823.  He served as a young man in the Engineers, then joined the revolutionary movement, and was a prominent member of the Convention and one of those who voted for the death of Louis XVI.  He was employed as Government representative at the headquarters of several of the Republican armies, and in 1793 became the head of the military Department.  In this capacity he reorganised the whole military system of republican France, introduced the levie en masse, and was hereby mainly instrumental in bringing about the successful issue if various campaigns.  A strict Republican, he opposed Bonaparte’s election to the Consulship for life, and resigned his post of Minister of War, retiring into private life.  When, after the defeat of Napoleon at Leipzig 1813, France was threatened with invasion, he offered him his services and undertook the defence of Antwerp.  Napoleon then created him a count, and gave him the Ministry of the Interior.  He opposed Napoleon’s abdication after the battle of Waterloo, and was banished from France by the bourbons, dying in exile. 

            (2) M. F. Sadi Carnot, born 1837, died 1894, grandson of the former.  He was Under-Secretary of State for Public Works in 1878, Minister of Finance in 1885, and President of the French Republic from 1887 to 1894, when an anarchist at Lyons stabbed him to death.  During his whole public career he was distinguished for his great integrity and sincerity.

Caronade

Name Origin: Carronade, a short large calibre gun throwing a heavy shot at shorter ranges than the ordinary guns of the period.  It was invented in 1779, and took its name from the Carron Company in Scotland, by whom the first were cast.

Carquois

Name Origin: Quiver.

Casabianca

Name Origin: (1) Louis, Comte de Casabianca; born 1755, died 1798/  He was Flag Captain to Admiral Bruyes in the Orient at the Battle of the Nile, and was mortally wounded during the action.  His son, a boy of ten was onboard with him when the Orient caught fire, and when it was seen that the flames could not be extinguished, the boy, it is said, refused to abandon the ship with the rest of the crew, and remained with his father.  They were both killed in the explosion, which destroyed the ill-fated vessel.

             (2) Raphael, Comte de Casabianca, borrn 1738, died 1825, was a brother of the former, and served in the Army.  In 1794 he was charged with the defence of Calvi in Corsica, and held if for thirty nine days with a force of 600 men, only capitulating when the place had been half destroyed by bombardment and he had but eighty men left.

Cassard

Name Origin: Jaques Cassard born 1672, died 1740, a celebrated privateer in the reign of Louis XVI.  During the famine of 1709 he equipped two royal ships at his own expense, and successfully convoyed a transport of grain to Marseilles, though he had twice to beat off the attack of a squadron of five English ships.  During the second fight his ships suffered so much that the transports got into Marseilles before him, and the Magistrates therefore refused to refund him his outlays.  In 1711 he again safely convoyed a transport of grain from Constantinople.  His last exploits were in the West Indies, where he successfully harried the Portuguese and English trade, and captured two small English men-of-war.  Though rewarded for these exploits with the rank of Post Captain in the Royal Navy, he was left to die in penury.

Cassini

Name Origin: Four generations of a celebrated family of astronomers and cartographers bore this name in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.

Cassiopea

Name Origin: In Greek mythology the wife of Cepheus, king of the Aethiopians, and mother of Andromeda.  At her death the gods transferred her to the heavens, where she is represented by the constellation bearing her name.

Castelfidardo

Name Origin: Village in the province of Ancona, where, on September 18th 1860, the Sardinian troops under Fanti defeated the Papal troops under Lamoriciere.

Castor

Name Origin: In Greek mythology one of the Dioscuri, the twin brother of Pollux, and son of Zeus (Jupiter) and Leda.  Custor was famous for his skill in training and managing horses.  Zeus, at their death, placed the brothers amongst the stars as “Gemini.”  They were considered to be the guardian spirits of all seafaring men.

Castor
Name Origin: The star a Gemini.

Cataluna

Name Origin: Catalonia, the northern part of Spain to the east of Aragon along the Mediterranean.  It was formerly an independent principality, and together with Castille became part of the Spanish monarchy in 1479.

Catapulte

Name Origin: Catapult or ballista, an engine of war used in ancient times, chiefly against besieged cities, foe throwing stones and other missiles.

Catinat

Name Origin: Nicolas de Catinat, one of Louis XIV’s Marshals; born 1637, died 1712.  He defeated the Duke of Savory, conquered Piedmont, and commanded the French forces in Flanders, where he captured the town of Ath.  Hampered by orders from the Court, he fought unsuccessfully against Prince Eugene of Savoy in 1701, and falling into discredit with the King, retired from the service.

Centauro

Name Origin: Centaur.  In Greek mythology a fierce, dissolute race of beings, half man, half horse, inhabiting the mountains of Thessaly.

Centella

Name Origin : Sentinel

The Centella was a Ferre Class torpedo boat launched 1880 - 1882 and discarded around 1910.

Centurion

Name Origin: Title borne in ancient Rome by the officer commanding a “century” or company of a hundred men.  Sixty centuries made up a legion.

The fourth Centurion built and in 1740 she was the flagship of Commodore George Anson in a squadron of 7 ships who were brought up to complement by 500 superannuated and Chelsea out-pensioners, who all died during the voyage. They sailed on Anson's famous circumnavigation of the world in September 1740. They touched at Madeira and Port St Julian, and off Cape Horn in March 1741 the squadron were dispersed by a succession of gales. Scurvy broke out and the Centurion buried 43 men. She reached Juan Fernandez in June 1741 with 130 men on the sick list, besides having buried 200 men on the passage. Here a prize was captured, and the squadron set sail for the South American coast, capturing another prize on the way. They arrived in Payta Bay in November and surprised the town. Plunder to the value of £32,000 and other stores were taken; the town was set on fire and six vessels in the bay were sunk. In May 1742 the Commodore sailed for China. In August the Centurion anchored off one of the Ladrone Islands and landed 128 sick men, many of whom died. In November the ship arrived off Macao and wintered. In April 1743 Anson put to sea in an attempt to capture the large Spanish galleon trading between Acapulco and Manilla. On June 20th she was sighted off the Island of Samar, and proved to be the long-sought ship Nuestra Senora de Cavadonga. An action followed and lasted nearly two hours, at the end of which the Spaniard struck with a loss of 67 killed and 84 wounded. The Centurion lost only 2 killed and 17 wounded. The cargo of the prize included nearly one and a half million dollars, besides 36,000 ounces of silver and other merchandise. On July 10th the squadron reached Canton, and in December sold the prize at Macao. Numerous difficulties with the Chinese were experienced. In December 1743 the Centurion turned homewards, and reached Spithead on June 15th 1744. Thus ended Commodore George Anson's circumnavigation of the globe, a great naval exploring expedition with war-like objects, carried out with the greatest skill, patience and perseverance.  As the Admiralty declined to confirm Anson's first Lieutenant as captain, Anson returned his own commission as Rear-Admiral of the Blue, and went on half pay as a captain for six months. There is not a doubt that Anson was in the wrong. A change of Government taking place some ten months afterwards, Anson became a Lord of the Admiralty, and being promoted to Rear-Admiral of the White received two steps at once.  The figurehead of this centurion was a big lion some sixteen feet high. It was presented to the Duke of Richmond by King George III when the Centurion was broken up. While serving as an inn sign at Goodwood it was much admired by King William IV, who begged it from the Duke, and used it as a staircase ornament at Windsor Castle. The King later on presented it to Greenwich Hospital, with directions to place it in one of the wards, which he desired should be called the Anson Ward. It remained there until 1871 when it was removed to the playground of the Naval School, where owing to the action of the weather it unfortunately crumbled to pieces. At one time the following lines were inscribed beneath it:-

Stay, traveller, a while, and view

One who has travelled more than you;

Quite round the globe, thro' each degree,

Anson and I have ploughed the sea.

Torrid and frigid zones have pass'd

And-safe ashore arrived at last-

In ease with dignity appear,

He in the House of Lords-I here.

In 1746 the Centurion was cut down to a 50 gun ship. In 1747 the Centurion commanded by Captain Peter Denis, was in an English fleet of 17 ships under the command of Vice-Admiral George Anson, who flew his flag in Prince George. The French fleet, under Admiral de la Jonquiere, consisted of 14 men-of-war and a convoy of 24 ships, and was sighted on May 23rd about 70 miles from Cape Finisterre. The French made off and Anson chased. A running fight of 3 hours followed, in which 13 French ships were captured, while a small detached squadron captured six of the French convoy. Night saved the rest. A topical song of the time expresses in the following verses the part played by the Centurion:

The Centurion first led the van, (bis)

And held 'em till we came up;

Then we their hides did sorely bang,

Our broadsides we on them did pour, (bis)

We gave the French a sower drench,

And soon their topsails made them lower.

 

And when they saw our fleet come up, (bis)

They for quarters call'd without delay,

And their colours they that moment struck

O! how we did rejoice and sing, (bis)

To see such prizes we had took,

For ourselves and for George our King.

The French lost 700 killed and wounded, and the English 520, including one captain killed. Specie to the value of £300,000 was taken from the prizes. This victory was valuable if not brilliant. Vie-Admiral Anson was created a Peer and the captured men-of-war were all added to the British Navy. In June 1751 the Centurion, flying the broad pennant of Commodore the Hon. Augustus Keppel, proceeded to Algiers, and smoothed over some difficulties with the Dey. The story goes that the Dey angrily expressed surprise that the King of Great Britain should have sent a beardless boy to treat with him. Keppel replied: "Had my master supposed that wisdom was measured by the length of the beard, he would have sent your Deyship a he-goat." After threatening Keppel with death, the Dey consented to treat. In 1754, the Centurion, Captain the Hon. Augustus Keppel, in company with the Norwich, escorted to North America a large number of troops, destined to assist the colonials in the suppression of the Indians, who with France behind them as moral support, were rising against the English whites. In 1759 the Centurion, commanded by Captain William Mantell, was in a fleet of 49 ships besides transports under Vice-Admiral Charles Saunders with his flag in Neptune. They left Spithead on February 17th and, having secured pilots by a ruse, they anchored a few miles below Quebec on June 26th with nearly 10,000 troops. On June 28th the French sent down seven fireships and two firerafts, but these were grappled and towed clear by the activity of the seamen. On September 13th under cover of the guns of the Centurion, the troops were landed and attacked Quebec. The seamen assisted with guns. On this day both General Wolfe and the Marquis of Montcalm, the English and French Commanders-in-Chief of the troops were mortally wounded. After some fighting the French retired. Additional ships were brought up to bombard, and on the 17th the enemy offered to surrender. On the 18th Vice-Admiral Saunders was one of the signatories to the surrender. In May 1762 the Centurion, commanded by Captain James Galbraith, was in the English fleet proceeding to Havana against the Spaniards, which consisted of 53 ships, besides storeships, hospital ships and transports, with 15,000 troops. Admiral Sir George Pocock, with his flag in Namur, and George, Earl of Albemarle, were the naval and military Commanders-in-Chief. On May 27th the fleet of 200 sail in all stood away for the Old Strait of Bahama, which was safely navigated by marking the dangerous shoals and reefs with boats. During the passage two Spanish ships were captured. On June 6th the fleet arrived off Havana, and while a feint was made elsewhere the troops were landed under cover of the guns of the fleet. Moro was bombarded, although the Spaniards made a most gallant defence, Havana fell, and the British took complete possession on August 14th 1762. Specie and stores to the value of three million pounds were captured; thirteen Spanish men-of-war were destroyed, three were sunk, and two on the stocks were burned. While on the passage to Havana some ships were detached and captured two ships in the harbour of Mariel. The British lost 1790 killed and wounded. The division of the prize money caused some heartburning. It worked out as follows: Admiral £123,000, captain £1600, petty officer £17, seaman or marine £4. In 1769 the Centurion was broken up at Chatham.

The seventh “CENTURION” was an 80-gun ship, launched at Pembroke in 1844.  She was of 2590 tons, and carried a crew of 750 men.  Her length , beam, and draught were 190ft., 57ft., and 19ft. The “Centurion” was fitted with a screw and engines of 400 horse-power in 1856.  In 1870 the “Centurion” was sold for £8200. The eighth “CENTURION” was a 14-gun twin-screw battleship, launched at Portsmouth in 1892.  She was of 10,500 tons, 13,214 horse-power, and 18 knot speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 360ft., 70ft., and 25ft.   In 1900 the “Centurion,” commanded by Captain John R. Jellicoe, and flying the flag of Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Hobart Seymour, took part in the third China War or “Boxer Riots.”   Sir Edward Seymour was the senior flag-officer of the Eight Nationalities assembled in the Far East, and as such presided over their Councils.  On June 9th a detachment from the “Centurion” proceeded in a Naval Brigade of mixed nationalities, 2000 strong, with 19 guns, for the relief of Peking, under Vice-Admiral Sir Edward Seymour.  This expedition went through some very severe fighting, and suffered a loss of 2 officers and 63 men killed, and 20 officers and 210 men wounded before withdrawing.  Captain Beyts, R.M.A., of the “Centurion,” was killed, and Captain John. R. Jellicoe, who behaved with great gallantry, and 4 other officers of the same ship were wounded.  From June 26th to July 11th, a detachment of officers and men from the “Centurion” assisted in the capture and defence of Tientsin, and during this period lost 5 killed and 14 wounded.  In August the “Centurion” contributed a number of officers and men to a British Naval Brigade, which advanced to the final and satisfactory relief of Peking, with 20,100 troops under Lieutenant-General Sir Alfred Gaselee.  In 1910 this “Centurion” was sold at Portsmouth for £26,200. The ninth “CENTURION” is a 10-gun turbine battleship, launched at Devonport in 1911.  She is of 25,000 tons, 30,000 horse-power, and 21 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 555ft., 89ft., and 28ft.

Ceram

Name Origin: Serang one of the largest of the Molucca Islands.

Cerberus

Name Origin: (Victoria)-In Greek mythology the dog guarding the entrance to Hades, represented with three heads and a serpent’s tail.  Orpheus charmed him by the magic of his lyre, and Hercules fought him and dragged him to the upper world.

Cerberus

Name Origin: In Greek mythology the watchdog guarding the entrance to Hades.  He is represented with three heads and a serpent’s tail.

Chaimite

Name Origin: Name of a kraal in Portuguese East Africa, where Gungunhana, king of the Vatuas, was taken prisoner by Mousinho de Albuquerque in 1895.  The latter afterwards became governor of Portuguese East Africa.

Challenger

The sixth Challenger was a Hermes class cruiser launched 1902 and scrapped 1920.

The seventh Challenger was a survey ship launched 1931 and scrapped 1954.

The eighth Challenger was a diving vessel, launched 1981, laid up 1994 and sold 1998.

Champion

The fifth “CHAMPION” is a 14-gun screw corvette, launched at Glasgow in 1878.  She is of 2380 tons, 2300 horse-power, and 13 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 225ft., 44ft., and 19ft. In August 1891 the “Champion,” commanded by Captain Frederick St. Clair, co-operated with some American, French, and German vessels in landing men at Valparaiso in order to protect the consulates during a Chilian revolution.  The officers of the international parties placed themselves in front of the muzzles of some machine guns with which the president-elect had intended to decimate the civilian populace. After some years service in the training squadron the “Champion” became a strokers’ training-ship at Chatham.  The sixth “CHAMPION” is a turbine light cruiser, laid down at Messrs.  Hawthorn Leslie’s yard on the River Tyne in 1913.

Chamois

Champlain

Name Origin: Samuel de Champlain, French Governor of Canada and founder of Quebec; born 1567, died 1635.

Chang

Name Origin: Spread.

Chapman
Name Origin: Frederick Henrikaf Chapman, distinguished naval architect of English extraction; born 1721, died 1808.  He first applied the parabolic method in ship construction.  To the present day most sailing ships in the Swedish Navy are built from his designs.  He was the author of a standard work of its time, Architectura Navalis.  In 1783 he was appointed Admiral superintendent of Carlskrona Dockyard.

Charger

The third Charger was a Charger class destroyer, launched 1894 and scrapped 1912.

The fourth Charger is an Archer class patrol craft, launched 1986.

Charlemagne

Name Origin: Charles the Great; born 742, crowned at Rome on Christmas Day 800 as the first Emperor of the “Holy roman empire,” died 814.  He was the founder of a great Frank empire, which fell to pieces after his death.  It had included France, Western and Southern Germany, Italy, and the North of Spain.  Alike distinguished as a conqueror, legislator, and administrator, he became after his death the centre of a whole cycle of romances.

Charles Martel

Name Origin: Grandfather of Charlemagne, and “Major-domo” (Regent) of France for the effeminate kings of the House of Clovis.  He defeated the invading hordes of Saracens at the battles of Tour and Narbonne, whence his surname Martel, i.e. Hammer-the hammer that crushed the infidels.  He died 741.

Charlotte
Name Origin: Hereditary Princess of Saxe Meiningen, born 1860, eldest daughter of the late Emperor Frederick and the late Empress, Princess Royal of Great Britain and Ireland.

Charybdis

Name Origin: In Homer’s Odyssey Charybdis and Scylla were two sea-monsters, dwelling on opposite sides of a narrow strait.  Charybdis, who dwelt under a cliff, three times a day sucked down the waters of the sea and threw them up again, causing whirlpools fatal to all passing craft.  Odysseus (Ulysses) successfully passed between these two monsters, but Scylla, who had six long necks and mouths with treble rows of teeth, snatched six men off his ship.  The name was later given to the “races” of rapide in the Straits of Messina.

The 3rd “CHARYBDIS” was a 17-gun screw corvette, launched at Chatham in 1859.  She was of 2250 tons, 1400 horse-power , and 11 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 200ft., 40ft., and 20ft. In May 1874, in company with two other vessels, the “Charybdis,” commanded by Captain Thomas Edward Smith, proceeded up the Lingie River near Malacca, which was a focus of piratical activity.  Some stockades were burned at Bukit Tiga, and the River Lingie was reopened to the trade with the rich tin mines in the interior. In September 1874 the “Charybdis,” with the “Hart” in company, took part in an expedition to the Indian River and composed some differences between the rulers of Johore and Pahang. In November 1874 the “Charybdis,” with the “Hart” in company, took part in an expedition to the Lukit River to intervene in serious disputes which had arisen between the Rajah of Sungei Ujong and one of his feudatories named Bandar.  It was decided to support the Rajah, and a small naval brigade of 73 officers and men were landed with troops on November 26th.  After some grief fighting the Malay feudatory abandoned Campayang, and escaped into the bush.  One sailor was mortally wounded and 50 of the enemy’s coolies were killed.  Search parties were sent out invarious directions, but they failed to catch Bandar, who did not surrender until some weeks later. In 1880 this vessel was handed over to the Canadian Government as a training ship, and in 1884 she was sold at Halifax. 

The fourth “CHARYBDIS” is a 10-gun twin-screw cruiser, launched at Sheerness in 1893.  She is of 4360 tons, 9000 horse-power, and 19 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 320ft., 49ft., and 19ft. In 1896 the “Charybdis,” commanded by Captain John McQuhae, was one of a squadron of six ships which was specially commissioned as a reply to a congratulatory telegram from the German Emperor to President Paul Kruger on the occasion of Dr. Jameson’s raid.  The ships were called the Particular Service Squadron, and were commanded by Rear-Admiral Alfred Taylor Dale with his flag in “Revenge.”  In December 1902 the “Charybdis,” flying the broad pennant of Commodore R.A.J. Montgomerie, was at the head of a combined English and German fleet which established a blockade of the Venezuelan coast which they divided between them for the purpose.  This retaliatory measure was taken on account of outrages on British ships and subjects for which no satisfaction could be obtained.  Nine Venezuelan gunboats or small craft were seized by the boats of the fleet, and two were taken to sea and sunk.  Presidents Castro immediately imprisoned all British and German subjects, but he was forced to release them by the American Consul.  A British merchant ship was seized by the mob at Puerto Cabello, but the “Charybdis” at once proceeded to the place, and having released the ship, bombarded the fort.  After an eight weeks blockade the Venezuelans consented to arrangements, that brought the blockade to a conclusion, Commodore Montgomerie having acted with great tact and firmness throughout.  A small Italian force also assisted in the blockade.

Chasseloup Laubat

Name Origin: (1) General Marquis Francois de Chasseloup Laubat, born 1754, died 1833.  A distinguished engineer under Napoleon I, he directed amongst others the sieges of Colberg, Danzig, and Stralsund, and fortified Peschiera, Mantua and Alessadnria.  He was Engineer in Chief during the campaign in Russia in 1812.  On the fall of Napoleon he went over to the Bourbons, and was created a Marquis and Peer of France.

            (2) The son of the above; under the Second Empire he was twice Minister of Marine, a post he filled with great distinction.  He was subsequently governor General of Algeria.

Chasseur

Name Origin: Literally, “hunter”; but in this case it means “rifleman” in the military sense.

Chateau Renaud

Name Origin: The Marquis of Chateau Renaud, born 1637, died 1716.  He began his career in the Army, but entered the Navy in 1661.  He rose to be “Chef d’Escarde” in 1673, and as such blockaded the Texel and fought De Ruyter.  In 1677, with a squadron of 6 ships, he chased a Dutch squadron of 16 sail under Evertsen into Cadiz.  He served under Tourville at the bombardment of Algiers in 1688, and was then sent to Ireland with reinforcements for James II, fighting the English fleet in the battle of Bantry Bay 1689.  The following year he commanded with signal success the van of Tourville’s fleet in the battle of Bevezieres (Beachy Head), having previously brought the Toulon fleet to Brest.  In 1694 he fought under Tourville in the Mediterranean succeeding him at his death as vice Admiral,.  He brought home the great silver fleet from Havannah in 1702, but chased into Vigo by a superior English squadron, was there attacked on October 12th by Admiral Rooke, and forced to destroy those of his galleons, which were not captured.  He became Marshal of France 1703, and died as Lieutenant General of Brittany.

Cheerful

The third Cheerful was a Mermaid class destroyer, launched 1897, and mined in 1917.

The fourth Cheerful was an Algerine class minesweeper, launched 1944, scrapped 1963.

Chelmer

Name Origin: River in Essex.  It rises in the northwest of the county, near the source of the Blackwater, and flows past Chelmsford into the estuary of the latter.

Chen

Name Origin: Star

Chen-Tao

Name Origin: To commands the waves.

Cherwell

Name Origin: River rising in the southwest of Northamptonshire; it joins the Thames at Oxford, after flowing past Banbury.  (Pronounced Charwell, which was the old spelling.)

Chevalier

Name Origin: Knight

Chidori

Name Origin: The dotterel plover.

Chihaya

Name Origin: The name of a hill fortified by the celebrated Kusunoki Masashige, famed in Japanese history.

Childers

Name Origin: (Victoria)-The Right Hon Hugh Childers; born 1827, died 1896.  In 1850 he went to Australia, where he soon became a member of Victoria Government.  As Finance Minister in 1852 he was instrumental in founding a University at Melbourne.  Returning to England in 1857, he acted as Agent General for the Colony, and was elected into Parliament three years later.  He subsequently held the officers of First Lord of the Admiralty, Secretary for War, Chancellor of the Exchequer, and Home Secretary.

Chimere

Name Origin: Chimera, a fabulous monster of Greek mythology which was slain by Bellerophon.  It was supposed to have had a lion’s head and forepart, a goat’s body, and a dragon’s tail.

Chin-Yen

Name Origin: Literally, “Guardian of the remote regions.”  The word is the Japanese rendering of Chen-Yuen, which was the name, the vessel born in the Chinese Navy.  She was one of the spoils of the war of 1894-5.

Chioggia

Name Origin: an island and town in the Venetian lagoon.

Chiri

Name Origin: A river in the Portuguese territory of Goa in India.

Chitose

Name Origin: A thousand years.

Chiyoda

Name Origin: Literally, “The field of a thousand generations,” a fanciful title bestowed in ancient times on the old castle in Yedo, which was occupied by the Shoguns, on the site of which stands nowadays the Imperial Palace.

Cho-Kai

Name Origin: Literally, “Sea of the birds.”  It is the name of a mountain in Ugo province, 7000 feet high.

Christiaan Cornelis

Name Origin: A sailor, one of the crew of a small merchant ship which had been captured by a French privateer in 1794.  He succeeded in recapturing her on July 31st.

Chu-Tai

Name Origin: The safety of the Chu Provinces (“Chu” is the general name for the provinces of Hu-Nan and Hu-Peh, which are situated on the south and north respectively of the Tong-Ting Lake).

Chu-Tung

Name Origin: Chu’s equality.

Chu-Yu

Name Origin: Chu’s possession.

Cigno

Name Origin: In Greek mythology Cignus, the son of the King of Liguria, was changed into a swan and placed amongst the stars by Apollo, when the latter saw his grief at the loss of his friends Phaeton, Apollo’s son.

Cigogne

Name Origin: Stork.

Circe

Name Origin: In Homer’s Odyssey the daughter of the sun god Helios (Apollo).  She lived in the island of Aeaea, where by magic arts she transformed all who became her guests into beasts.  Odysseus resisted and vanquished her charms, inducing her to release her captives and restore them to human form.

Circe

Name Origin: In homer’s Odyssey the daughter of the sun god Helios (Apollo).  She lived in the island of Aeaea, where by magic arts she transformed all who became her guests into beasts.  Odysseus resisted and vanquished her charms, inducing her to release her captives and restore them to human form.

Citta di Milano

Name Origin: City of Milan.

Claes Horn
Name Origin: Claes Christersson Horn, Baron of Amiune; born 1517, died 1566.  He served with distinction both as an Admiral and a General.  From 1556 to 1560 he was Governor of Viborg.  Between 1560 and 1562 he conquered Livonia and Esthonia and thus became the founder of Swedish dominion in the Baltic provinces.  During the war with Denmark 1563-1570, in command of the Swedish fleet, he repeatedly defeated the Danish Lubeck fleet under Herluf Trolle and others.
Clas Uggla
Name Origin: Born 1614, died 1676.  After fighting for a time as a soldier in the “Thirty years war,” he entered the Navy and served with distinction in the battle off Oeresund against the Dutch 1658.  Two years later he became “Lieutenant Admiral,” and as such commanded one of the squadrons in the unfortunate battle of June 1st 1676, off Oeland against the allied Danish and Dutch fleets under Juel and Tromp.  Towards the end of the battle the flagships of the two hostile Admirals boarded his flagship.  Although the ship was on fire he kept up the fight, declining to surrender.  When at last he saw that the flag that he refused to strike had been burned, he leaped overboard and was drowned with the large majority of the crew, who went down with the ship.

Claymore

Name Origin: The heavy two handed Scotch sword; the term is often applied to the basket hilted broadsword of the eighteenth century.

Clio

Name Origin: One of the nine Muses, the Muse of history.

The second “CLIO” was a 22-gun screw corvette, launched at Sheerness in 1858.  She was of 2306 tons, 400 horse-power, and 10 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 200ft., 40ft and 16ft.In 1860 the “Clio,” commanded by Captain Thomas Miller, was instrumental in saving the city of Panama from capture by a mob and in protecting some French subjects from infuriated negro rioters. On one occasion while in the Pacific this ship was dismasted by a hurricane, and, having run short of coal, she had to remain in one of the Pacific islands until her crew had cut sufficient wood to enable her to reach the nearest port. While on the Australian station the “Clio” ran on a pinnacle rock in Bligh Sound, New Zealand, which knocked a hole of considerable size in her bows.  She was beached with difficulty and was afterwards taken to Sydney to undergo repairs.  In 1877 this vessel became a training-ship for boys at Bangor, under the North Wales, Chester, and Border counties training ship society, in which capacity she still acts.  The third “CLIO” is a 6-gun screw sloop, launched at Sheerness in 1903.  She is of 1070 tons, 1400 horse-power, and 13 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 185ft., 33ft., and 12ft. 

Clio

Name Origin: In Greek mythology one of the Nine Muses; the Muse of History.

Clive

Name Origin: Robert, Lord Clive, the creator of the Indian Empire; born 1725, died 1774.  Entering the H.E.I. Co’s service in 1743, he soon saw a great deal of fighting.  In 1751 he successfully defended Arcot, and gained the victories of Arni and Kaveripak.  On June 23rd 1757, he obtained the great and decisive victory of Plassey.  Created Lord Clive in 1762, he left India five years later, and was subjected to much persecution by his political and was subjected to much persecution by his political opponents during the few remaining years of his life.

Clyde

Name Origin: River and Firth of that name on the west coast of Scotland.  Glasgow stands on its banks, and it is famous for its shipbuilding industry.

The fifth “CLYDE,” known as the “Lord Clyde,” was a 36-gun iron-screw ship, launched at Pembroke in 1864.  She was of 7842 tons, 6000 horse-power, and 13 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 280ft., 59ft., and 20ft. In 1885 the “Lord Clyde” was sold. he sixth “CLYDE” is a 6-gun sloop which was launched at Glagow as the “Wild Swan” in 1876.  She is of 1130 tons, 950 horse-power, and 11 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 170ft., 36ft., and 15ft. Her name was subsequently to “Clyde,” and she became the Royal Naval Reserve drill ship at Aberdeen.  In 1912 her name was again changed, this time to “Columbine,” and she became the depot vessel of the King’s Harbour Master at Rosyth, and then the flagship of the Vice-Admiral commanding the Scottish Coast.

Coatit

Name Origin: A place in Abyssinia where, on January 13th 1893, the Italians under Arattieri defeated the natives.

Cobra

Cochrane

Name Origin: Admiral Thomas Cochrane, Earl of Dundonald, a brilliant sea officer; born 1775, died 1860.  Joining the Navy in 1793, he obtained in 1800 his first command, the Speedy, sloop, with which, on May 6th 1801, he fought and took by boarding the Spanish frigate Gamo, 32-an unprecedented feat.  A few months later he was captured by a French squadron, but speedily exchanged and promoted.  After six months study at Edinburgh University he again went to sea and made £75,000 in prize money between February and April 1805.  The next few years were spent in harassing the enemy’s coasts; a prominent incident being his defence of a half ruined fort at Rosas with a handful of British and Spanish sailors.  After a brief interval in Parliament he was, in April 1809, selected to destroy with fire ships a French squadron blockaded by Lord Gambier in Aix roads.  Though Cochrane broke the boom, the fire ships failed.  The dread of them however caused most of the French ships to run aground, four of which he destroyed next morning single handed, Lord Gambier having failed to support the attack.  Rewarded with the knighthood of the Bath, Lord Cochrane returned to Parliament and attacked naval abuses.  In 1814 he found himself arranged, with two companions, the real culprits on a charge of fraudulent stock jobbing.  Though innocent, he was condemned to one year’s imprisonment, besides a heavy money fine; was expelled from Parliament and the Navy, and deprived of his knighthood.  After fruitless attempts at rehabilitation, He left in disgust for South America in 1818, joining the Chilean revolt.  Eventually, in 1832, he received a free pardon from William IV, and was reinstated in the Navy.  He had the satisfaction of flying his flag as Commander-in-Chief of the North America and West Indies station from 1848-1851.  Lord Dundonald might have been another Nelson if he had given the opportunities, and he had much in common with Drake and his great companions.

Cocodrilo

Name Origin: Crocodile.

Cocyte

Name Origin: Cocytus- A river in Epirus and tributary of the Acheron.  They were both supposed to disappear beneath the earth and flow into the nether regions.

Codore

Name Origin: Condor.

Cognee

Name Origin: Axe, Hatchet.

Collingwood

Name Origin: Vice Admiral Cuthbert Collingwood, Lord Collingwood born 1748, died 1810.  He joined the Navy as a volunteer in 1761, because Master’s Mate in 1767, and in 1774 accompanied Admiral Graves to North America.  There he took part the following year in the battle of Banker’s Hill, which gained him his Lieutenants commission.  During the San Juan expedition 1780, he relieved Nelson in command of the Hinchinbrook.  At the outbreak of the war with France 1793, he joined Lord Howe’s fleet as Flag-Captain to Rear-Admiral Bowyer, and took part in the battle of June 1st 1794.  Soon after, he took command of the Excellent in the Mediterranean.  In her he distinguished himself in the battle off Cape St. Vincent, February 14th 1797, second only to Nelson by his daring and skill.  Promoted to Rear Admiral in 1799, he served under Lord Keith in his fruitless chase after Admiral Bruix in the Mediterranean; he then took part in the long and trying blockade of Brest, instituted by Lord St. Vincent on his relieving Lord Bridport in command the Channel Fleet.  When war broke out a fresh in 1803, he returned to be a similar task under Admiral Cornwallis.  On Nelson taking command before Cadiz in 1805, Collingwood became his second.  As such he led the lee line into action in the great battle of Trafalgar, being the first to engage the enemy.  For his services on this occasion he was raised to the Peerage.  Nelson’s death gave him the command of the Mediterranean Fleet, which he continued to hold until his death (in harness) five years later.  Collingwood was distinguished for his unflinching devotion to duty, modesty, and simplicity.  Always a humans man, his ships were famed for their state of discipline, even when mutiny was rife around him.

Colne

Name Origin: River in Essex, which rises in the north of the county, flows past Colchester, and enters the North Sea by an estuary.  (2) River in Herefordshire, a tributary of the Thames, which it joins not far from Staines.
Comet
 

Comet

Commodoro Py

Name Origin : Commodore Py commanded the Guardia Nacional, principal ship of the Argentine Navy, at the battle of Cuevas, August 6th 1865, and in other actions during the war with Paraguay, 1864 to 1869.

The Commodoro Py was a Commodoro Py class torpedo boat, launched 1890.

Commonwealth

Name Origin: The Commonwealth of Australia came into existence on January 1st 1901.  It is an indissoluble Union or Federation of six “States,” formerly separate British colonies, viz: New South Wales, Victoria, Queenland, South Australia, West Australia, and the Island of Tasmania.

Conde

Name Origin: The name of a distinguished French family, a branch of the house of Bourbon.  Louis de Bourbon, brother of King Antoine of Navarre, the father of Henri IV, King of France, was the founder of the branch.  The two most celebrated members of this family were; Henri I, Prince of Conde, Duke of Enghien 1552-1588, who fought with distinction in the religious wars on the side of the Huguenots; and Louis II 1621-1686, surnamed “the Great Conde,” a grandson of the former.  He defeated the Spaniard’s at Rocroi in 1643, played a leading part in the early troubles of Louis XIV’s reign, conquered the Franche Comte in 1672, and gained the victory of Seneffe over the allied Spanish, Austrian, and Dutch forces in 1674.  The last Prince of Conde died soon after the accession of Louis Philippe to the French throne, leaving his great possessions, including the beautiful castle of Chantilly, to his godson, the Duc d’Aumale, Louis Philippe’s fourth son.

Condor
 

Condor

Condorcet

Name Origin: Marie Jean A. N. C. Marquis de Condorcet; born 1743, died 1794.  As a youth he displayed great genius for mathematics, and at the age of twenty-two prepared a treatise on integral calculus which was highly thought of.  His intellect was many sided, and he was the author of several biographies of note.  When the Revolution broke out, he threw himself into the fray with enthusiasm as a supporter of democracy.  He sat in the Legislature as one of the representatives of Paris, and held the post of one of its secretaries.  At the trial of Louis XVI he voted for any punishment short of death.  His denunciation of the arrest of the Girondists led to his being accused of conspiracy against the Republic.  He was condemned and declared to he hors de la loi.  For some time an asylum was found for him at the house of a Madame Vernet, but afraid of exposing her to the terrible consequence of harbouring such as him, he once more wandered about as an outcast, and after great sufferings was eventually seized and thrown into a prison cell where he was found dead in the morning.  His fame as a Philosopher is based chiefly on the work he wrote whilst lying concealed at Madame Vernet’s house.

Conflict

The sixth Conflict was a Conflict class destroyer, launched 1894 and scrapped 1920.

Constance

Name Origin : Countess of Derby, daughter of the Earl of Clarendon, and wife of the sixteenth Earl of Derby, who as Lord Stanley of Preston, was Governor General of Canada from 1888 to 1893.

Constantine Ene

Name Origin: Major of the 6th Regiment of Dorobants, killed during the war with turkey at the capture of Rahova, November 7th 1877.

Constitucion

Name Origin : Constitution

The Constitucion was a Pilcomayo Class gunboat, launched 1875 and scrapped around 1915.

Contest

The seventh Contest was a Forester class gunboat, launched 1874 and scrapped 1889.

The eighth Contest was a Banshee class destroyer, launched 1894 and scrapped 1911.

The ninth Contest was an Acasta class destroyer, launched 1913 and sunk 1917.

The tenth Contest was a C class destroyer, launched 1944 and scrapped 1960.

Coquette

Name Origin: French for “flirt.”  The ship name commemorates the capture of the French Coquette, 28, by the Resistance on March 2nd 1783.

The fifth “COQUETTE” was a 4-gun screw gunboat, launched at Pembroke in 1876.  She was of 430 tons, 406 horse-power, and 9 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 125ft., 23ft., and 9ft. In 1882 the “Coquette,” commanded by Lieutenant Lennox Napier, took part in the Egyptian War.  In August 1883 a landing party from the “Coquette” and other ships, consisting of 565 officers and men, occupied the town of Ismailia in the Suez Canal after some slight fighting.  The “Coquette” further assisted in the seizure of the Suez Canal, an operation necessary in order to secure a safe passage for the British troops who were going to use Ismailia as a base.  In February 1884 a landing party from the “Coquette,” Lieutenant Fritz Eden Crowe.  And two other ships went ashore at Suakin, and assisted in the defence of that place by manning the fortifications. In March 1885 a Naval Brigade from the “Coquette” and four other ships joined a field force of 13,000 men under Lieutenant General Sir Gerald Graham which marched out of Suakin.  They occupied Hasheen on March 20th, where the Royal Marines specially distinguished themselves, and on the 22nd, under Major-General Sir J.C. MacNeill, they fought the battle of Tofrik, where the Arabs after a temporary advantage were repulsed with a loss of a thousand dead.  The Naval Brigade in this action lost 7 killed and 5 wounded. The Naval Brigade burnt a number of huts in the khor Ghob, and re-embarked again on April 6th. In 1889 the “Conquette” was sold The sixth “COQUETTE” is a twin-screw torpedo-boat destroyer, launched at Thornycroft’s Yard inn 1897.  She is of 355 tons, 5700 horse-power, and 30 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 210ft., 19ft., and 7ft.

Cormoran
Name Origin: Cormorant.

Cormorant

 The seventh “CORMORANT” was a 6-gun paddle sloop, launched at Sheerness in 1842.  She was of 1057 tons, 300 horse-power, and carried a crew of 145 men.  Her length, beam, and draught were 180ft., 36ft., and 9ft.  In 1849 the “Cormorant,” commanded by Commander Herbert Schomberg, was engaged in the suppression of the slave trade on the South-East coast of America.  In the summer of 1850 the “Cormorant,” sent her boats under Lieutenant Luckraft into the Rio Frio.  They captured and destroyed the famous slaver “Rival,” and left the river under a sharp musketry fire from the banks.   On June 29th the “Cormorant” proceeded to Paranagua and ascended the river for 15 miles to attack the head-quarters of some slavers.  The boats were sent away and captured the “Campadora,” “Donna Anna” and “Serea,” all noted slavers.  On July 1st the “Cormorant” proceeded down the river, when she was suddenly attacked by a 14-gun fort with which she had exchanged civilities on entering the river.  A brisk action then followed, but the “Cormorant” managed to get away with five shot in her hull, and 1 man killed and 2 wounded.  In 1853 the “Cormorant” was broken up.  The tenth “CORMORANT” is a 6-gun screw sloop, launched at Chatham in 1877.  She is of 1130 tons, 950 horse-power, and 11.3 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 170ft., 36ft., and 15ft.  In 1879 white men were being murdered in the New Hebrides, and a boats crew belonging to the British trader “Mystery” had been massacred.  The “Cormorant,” commanded by Commander James Andrew Bruce, was one of five ships, under Commodore John Crawford Wilson with his broad pennant on “Wolverene,” which proceeded to the islands on a punitive expedition and inflicted severe punishment on the natives.  The “Cormorant” subsequently became receiving ship at Gibraltar.

Cornwall

Name Origin: A maritime county forming the southwestern extremity of England, and the southernmost portion of the British Isles.  The great wealth of Richard of Cornwall, brother of Henry III, and titular German Emperor, was delivered from the Cornish tin mines, which then supplied all Europe.  The eldest son of the reigning sovereign is Duke of Cornwall.

The fifth “CORNWELL” was a 72-gun ship, launched at Bombay in 1813 as the “Wellesley.”  She was out of 2917 tons, and in 1868 she was renamed “Cornwall” and became a juvenile training ship at Purfleet. The sixth “Cornwall” is a 14-gun twin-screw cruiser, launched at Pembroke in 1902.  She is of 9800 tons, 22,000 horse-power, and 23 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 440ft., 66ft., and 24ft.  On August 6th, 1911 the “Cornwall,” while commanded by Captain James C. Ley, had the misfortune to run aground on Pinnacle Rock, off Cape Sable, while going to the assistance of H.M. Canadian ship “Niobe,” which had also run aground in the vicinity.  Both cruisers were soon afloat again.

Cornwallis

Name Origin: Admiral the Hon. Sir William Cornwallis, younger son of Earl Cornwallis; born 1743, died 1819.  Entering the Navy in 1753, he became Post Captain in 1766.  In command of the Lion, 64, he took a distinguished part in the battle of Grenada, July 6th 1779.  The following year, in command of  a small squadron, he fought two actions with superior French forces in the West Indies.  In 1782, in command of the Canada, 74, he distinguished himself in Admiral Hood’s action off St. Kitts, and Admiral Rodney’s great victory of April 12th.  In 1789 he was appointed Commander-in-Chief in the East Indies.  He became Rear Admiral in 1793 and Vice-Admiral the following year. In June 1795, in command of a small squadron off the Penmarks he encountered a French fleet three times his own strength and successfully beat off the enemy’s attack ad made good his escape without loss-a feat, which at once stamped him as a great sea officer.  Promoted to Admiral in 1799, he hoisted his flag as Commander-in-Chief of the Channel Fleet in 1801.  On the renewed outbreak of war in 1803 he at once commenced a rigorous blockade of Brest, Rochefort, Loruient, and Ferrol, which he maintained with ton determination for close on three years, when Lord St. Vincent relieved him in his command.  This blockade will always rank as a very great achievement; it effectually paralysed all Napoleon’s ambitious schemes at sea, preventing the junction of the separated French fleets for the purpose of crushing once and for all the sea power of Great Britain.

The fifth “CORNWALLIS” was a 74-gun ship, launched at Bombay in 1813.  She was of 1809 tons, and carried a crew of 590 men.  Her length, beam, and draught were 177ft., 48ft., and 18ft.  There is a fine model of this vessel in the Museum of the Royal United Service Institution, Whitehall. On April 27th, 1815, the “Cornwallis,” commanded by Captain John Bayley and flying the flag of Rear-Admiral Sir George Burlton, met the American vessels “Peacock” and “Hornet” in the Atlantic Ocean.  The “Peacock,” a very fast sailor, got away, but the “Cornwallis, chased the “Hornet” for forty-eight hours.  At daylight on the 29th the “Cornwallis” opened fire, and throughout the day the “Hornet” was on the very edge of capture, but she staved off that disaster by lightening ship, throwing overboard by degrees all her spare spars, stores, anchors, shot, boats, ballast, and all the guns but one.  The guns of the “Cornwallis” were very unskilfully served, and only three shot struck the “Hornet.”  In the afternoon the sloop was saved by a shift in the wind, and as the wind grew fresher gradually left the “Cornwallis” hull down.  In 1842 the “Cornwallis,” commanded by Captain Peter Richards, and flying the flag of Rear-Admiral Sir William Parker, took part in the first China War.  Soon on arrival on the station Sir William Parker transferred his flag to the “Wellesley.”  On March 14th, 1842, the boats of the “Cornwallis” left Ningpo in an expeditionary force of 7 ships and boats carrying 350 seamen and marines.  The Naval Brigade was landed and joined the army in time to take part in a victory over the Chinese troops at Seagon.  Four hundred and fifty Chinese fell, and the Naval Brigade only lost 15 men. On April 14th, 1842, at Chusan, the boats of the “Cornwallis,” together with those from six other ships, defeated a Chinese attempt to burn the shipping by means of firerafts. On May 16th, 1842, the “Cornwallis,” arrived off Chapoo in a fleet of 11 ships, and contributed to a Naval Brigade of seamen and marines which co-operated with the troops.  After a three-hours struggle on the outskirts of the town Chapoo was captured. On June 13th, 1842, the “Cornwallis” arrived off Woosung in a fleet of 14 ships under Rear-Admiral Sir William Parker, and three days afterwards the forts were bombarded.  After two hours’ firing, towards the close of which the Chinese guns were nearly silent, detachments of seamen and marines were landed and Woosung was captured, with a British loss of only 3 killed and 20 wounded.  In July 1842 the “Cornwallis” took part in the expedition into the Yang-tse-Kiang, which consisted of about 18 men-of-war, 9 East India Company’s paddle steamers, and 40 transports carrying 9000 troops, under Rear-Admiral Sir William Parker.  On July 6th the movement was commenced, and on July 20th the Chinese sent fire-rafts down the river against the fleet.  The troops were landed on the following day, accompanied by a small Naval Brigade, and a few days later the town of Chingkiang was captured.  Many of the Tartar defenders deliberately slew their wives and children and then committed suicide.  The General burnt himself with all his papers in his house.  By September 15th everything was in readiness for an attack on Nanking, but the Chinese sued for peace.  On the 29th the Traty of Nanking was signed, which ceded Hongkong of Great Britain, promoted regular tariff regulations,

Corrientes

Name Origin : One of the provinces of the Argentine Republic.

The first Corrientes was a Corrientes Class torpedo boat, launched 1896 and stricken 23rd October 1930.  The next Corrientes was a Buenos Aries Class destroyer launched 21st September 1937, which was lost in collision with Almirante Brown, 3rd October 1941.

Corsaire

Name Origin: Pirate.

Cosmao

Name Origin: Julian Marie, Baron de Cosmao Kerjulien; born 1761, died 1825.  In 1805, in command of the Pluton, he captured the Diamond rock off Martinique.  A few months later he fought at the battle of Trafalgar October 21st.  On October 22nd Cosmao, who had retired with Gravina to Rota, sallied forth, though the Pluton was badly crippled, and accompanied by two French and two Spanish ships, five frigates and two corvettes, succeeded in delivering two captive ships from the English and bringing them safely to Cadiz.  For this deed he was made a grandee of Spain and Rear Admiral.  He was forced to leave the Navy in 1815.

Cossack

Name History: The word “Cossack” is Turkish, and means a “free man,” a “free lance.”  In the thirteenth century when the Tartars overran the greater part of Russia, many inhabitants took refuge on the islands in the Dnieper, and there formed the free and independent militarily organised communities of “Cossacks.”  Various such communities sprang up in the following centuries.  Though the Cossacks have now lost their political independence, they have retained their military organisation and a certain amount of self-government.  They form special regiments of light cavalry in the Russian Army.

The second “COSSACK” was a 20-gun screw corvette, launched at Northfleet in 1854.  She was of 1951 tons, 870 horse-power and carried a crew of 140 men.  Her length, beam, and draught were 195ft., 39ft., and 9ft.   The “Cossack” was seized while building for the Russian Government.  On March 28th, 1855, the “Cossack,” commanded by Captain Edward Gennys Fanshawe, sailed from the Downs in a fleet of 88 steam vessels of various kinds, commanded by Rear-Admiral the Hon. R.S. Dundas with his flag in “Duke of Wellington.”  They made for the Baltic, to take part in the campaign against the Russians, and at once established a blockade of the coast of Courland.  On May 26th the boats from the “Cossack” and one other vessel took and destroyed some Russian small vessels off Hango Head, and met with little opposition.  On June 5th the “Cossack” anchored off Hango Head and sent in the prisoners under a flag of truce.  Three officers stewards were injudiciously permitted to accompany the boats, in search of provisions.  The men advanced under a flag of truce but were fired on by the Russians, 7 being killed, 3 dangerously wounded, and 3 taken prisoners.  The “Cossack” at once bombarded Hango at 600 yards until thick fog obliged the ship to haul off.  This affair made a great noise, but the “Cossack” was partly to blame for not displaying a white flag in a conspicuous place.  The Russians contended that the whole affair was irregularly conducted, and that they had not seen the white flag displayed by the men.  On July 21st the “Cossack,” assisted by other vessels, attacked and silenced the Russian batteries at Frederikshamm, after an hour and a half’s brisk engagement, with a loss of only three men wounded.  Lack of troops prevented a landing and subsequent capture.  On July 26th the “Cossack” and other vessels attacked and captured the Russian island of Kotka, and destroyed barracks, stores, magazines, workshops, and supplies.  On the following day the squadron departed, leaving Captain Fanshawe with the “Cossack” to garrison the island. On August 9th the “Cossack” was one of a British force of 54 vessels, mostly composed of bombs, which warped into position for the bombardment of Sveaborg, and soon after 7a.m. began firing.  The “Cossack” engaged the troops on Drumsio Island.  A number of French bomb-vessels co-operated in the attack, which lasted until the morning of the 11th, rocket-boats annoying the enemy during the night.  Only one man on the British side lost his life, but a spy stated that the Russians had lost 2000 killed, 23 vessels burned, and that the dockyard, Government stores, and powder magazines were blown up and completely destroyed.  In 1875 the “Cossack” was sold. The third “COSSACK” was a 6-gun twin-screw cruiser, launched at Clydebank in 1886.  She was of 1770 tons, 3500 horse-power, and 16.5 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 240 ft., 36ft., and 16ft.  In September 1890 nine German traders were murdered in Vitu, a small about 230 miles north of Zanzibar.  On October 24th the boats from the “Cossack,” Commander J.M. McQuahe, and those from two other ships proceeded to Baltia and burned the village.  On October 26th a Naval Brigade of 700 seamen and marines was landed, under the personal command of Vice-Admiral the Hon.  Edmund Fremantle.  Meeting with some brisk resistance en route, the expedition captured the town of Vitu on October 27th.  The town and the sultan’s house were burned, and the brigade returned to their ships with 12 men wounded, and several cases of sunstroke.  From November 1902 to March 1903 the “Cossack,” commanded by Commander Montagu G. Cartwright, was one of a squadron of six ships, under Rear-Admiral Sir Charles Drurywith his flag in “Highflyer,” which took part in the Somaliland campaign in various coastal capacities.  The ships assisted in landing troops and stores, transport work, and in the prevention of delivery of munitions of war to the enemy.  In 1905 the “Cossack” was sold.  

Couleuvrine

Name Origin: Culverin, light gun of long range, carried by ships in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Courbet

Name Origin: Amedee Courbet, born 1827, died 1885.  He entered the Navy in 1849.  As Captain he was governor of New Caledonia in 1873.  He commanded the French squadron in China 1883-1885, during the war with the latter country.  When hostilities were imminent he took his squadron up the river Min, and anchored off the dockyard fleet lying at anchor, completely destroying it.  The following day he destroyed the dockyard, and then proceeded down the river, fighting and silencing in turn the numerous forts protecting the lower reaches.  On the night of February 14th 1885, Admiral Courbet sent two launches from his flagship to attack two Chinese ships lying off sheipoo with outrigger torpedoes.  This was successfully accomplished with a loss only of one man, both ships being sunk.  He annexed the Pescadores in 1885, and died almost immediately afterwards onboard his flagship, the Bayard.

Coureur

Name Origin: Runner.

Coutelas

Name Origin: Cutlas.

Crescent

Name Origin: An emblem or badge representing the crescent or increasing moon, which, tradition says, was first used at Constantinople (Byzantium) when besieged by Philip.  It is still the badge of the Ottoman Empire.

Cressy

Name Origin: Or Crecy-en-Ponthieu, a village in the French Department of Somme, on the Maye.  The ship name commemorates the great victory gained near this place by Edward III, on August 26th 1346, with 40,000 English soldiers over a French army of 100,000 under the command of the Comte d’Alencon.  The French losses, which amounted to 30,000, included the flower of their chivalry.  It was here that the “Black Prince” gained his spurs with so much distinction.
Crocodil
Name Origin: Crocodile.

Crusader

Name Origin: Crusades were holy wars undertaken by the various powers of Christendom, at different times, to drive the infidels from Jerusalem and the Holy Land; the first in 1095, the eighth and last in 1270.  King Richard I took part in the third crusade in 1190.

Cuama

Name Origin: The old name for the Zambesi River, East Africa.

Cumberland

Name Origin: A maritime border county of England, famous for the beauty of its likes and mountains.

Cumberland

Name Origin: In Homer’s Odyssey a race of giants whose chief was Polyphemus.  They inhabited the island of Trinacria (Sicily).  They derived their name “Round eye” from the fact of having only one big round eye, and that placed in the centre of his forehead.

Curlew

Curtatone

Name Origin: Village in the province of Mantua where on May 29th 1848, the combined Neapolitan-Tuscan troops defeated the Austrians.

Custoza

Name Origin: Village near Verona, in Northern Italy, where the Italians were twice defeated by the Austrians-first on July 23rd 1848, by field Marshal Radetzky; secondly on June 24th 1866, by the Archduke Albrecht.  In the latter battle King Victor Emanuel commanded the Italians.  Austria was at the same time fighting against Prussia (Sadowa, July 5th 1866).

Cyclone

Name Origin: Cyclone, circular storm.

Cycloop

Name Origin: Cyclops.  In homer’s Odyssey a race of giants whose chief was Polyphemus.  The inhabited the island of Trinacria (Sicily).  Their name, “Round eye,” was derived from the fact of their having only one big round eye, and that placed in the centre of the forehead.

Cygnet

The fifteenth “CYGNET” was a 4-gun screw gunboat.  Launched at Sunderland in 1874.  She was of 455 tons, 457 horse-power, and 11 knots speed.  Her length, beam, and draught were 125ft., 24ft., and 10ft. In June 1876 the “Cygnet,” commanded by Lieutenant Robert Frederick Hammick, took part in a small expedition up the river Niger in company with two other vessels under Commodore Sir William Hewett with his broad pennant temporarily in “Sultan of Sokoto.”  The natives had been obstructing the river and preventing the passage of the British trade.  At Akado three guns were captured, and after the natives of the town of  Sabogrega had shown hostile intent the town was bombarded for two days.  The boats were then manned and armed, and dashed in under a galling musketry fire.  They dislodged the natives , burned the town, blew up the powder store, and flung the heavy guns into the river.  The boats then proceeded and attacked Agberi, which was burned without much resistance.  The squadron lost 1 marine killed and 5 officers and 9 men wounded.  In 1876 the “Cygnet,” commanded by Lieutenant Robert F. Hammick, was one of a fleet of twelve ships, under Commodore Sir William Hewett with his broad pennant in “Active,” which engaged in the blockade of Dahomey on the Nigerian coast.  The blockade lasted for eleven months in a pestilential climate, and at the end of that time King Gelele entered into negotiations and the blockade was raised.  In 1882 the “Cygnet,” commanded by Lieutenant Hugh Dudley Ryder, was engaged in the bombardment of Alexandria in a fleet of 14 ships, commanded by Admiral Sir Beachamp Seymour with his flag in “Alexandra.”  At7a.m. on July 11th the “Alexandra” fired the first shot of the bombardment.  Owing to the flagship’s draught the Commander-in-Chief temporarily hoisted his flag in “Invincible.”  All ships were cleared for action with top gallant masts struck and bowsprits rigged in.  By 7.10a.m. the entire fleet was engaged, and such forts as could bring their guns to bear replied with vigour.  By 5p.m. all guns ashore had been silenced and the fleet ceased bombarding at 5.30p.m. The British casualties were 5 killed and 28 wounded.  The Egyptian loss has never been properly ascertained, but it is believed to have been about 150 killed and 400 wounded, out of the two thousand men engaged in the forts.  The “Cygnet” also assisted the “Condor” in the attack on Fort Marabout, anchoring so close in that the enemy’s guns could not be  sufficiently depressed to reach her.  The Governor refused to surrender when summoned, but on the following day the Egyptians fled, and Alexandria was occupied and policed by the British. In 1885 the “Cygnet,” commanded by Lieutenant Alexander Gardiner, took part in the Egyptian campaign and assisted in the defence of Suakin from the Mahdists. In 1889 the “Cygnet” was sold.

Cynthia

Name Origin: Another name for Artemis (Diana), derived from Mount Cynthos in the island of Delos, her birthplace.

 

 

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