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Old 11-03-2010, 12:01
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r.morrison r.morrison is offline
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Smile SHIP LAUNCHED TORPEDO

Good day to all.

Does anyone have any information on the developement of ship-launched torpedo systems and their development during tne early 20th century and particularly during and after the Great War ?
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Old 01-12-2010, 15:34
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Talking Re: SHIP LAUNCHED TORPEDO

Hi Cavalryman
MTBs were designed for high speed and manoeverabilty, to allow them to get close enough to launch their torpedoes at an enemy vessel and get away at high speeds to avoid being hit by retaliatory gunfire from larger enemy ships.
Early experiments were carried out during the American Civil War,but were not particularly successful. It was not until the early part of the 20th century
that the British and Italian Navies started to develop torpedo launching motor boats. The Italian MAS type was fairly lightweight ie.20-30 tons.The
British motor boats were no more than 15tons.
MAS 15 was the only boat in history to sink aBattleship ,the Austrian SZENT ISTVAN in 1918.
The development of heavier ships such as Torpedo Boats and Torpedo Boat Destroyers took place in the last quarter of the 19thCentury.
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 The heavy cruiser HMS Dorsetshire is brought up to sink the blazing wreck of the Bismarck with torpedoes at around 10:30 hours on the morning of May 27th 1941.  The once proud German ship had been ruthlessly pounded into a twisted and burning wreck by the British battleships Rodney and King George V.  HMS Dorsetshire and HMS Maori combed the area of the sinking for survivors, between them picking up a total of 110 out of an original complement of 2,300.

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Bismarck, now complete and newly painted in full Baltic camouflage, returns to Hamburg for the last time as the harsh winter of 1940/41 relents and the pride of the German Kriegsmarine prepares for real action.  In the distance, the pre-Dreadnought Schleswig-Holstein awaits her next commission, the old ship alternating between vital ice-breaker and air defence duties at this time.  The Bismarck would in May 1941 put to sea and engage and sink HMS Hood only to be caught by the British battleships Rodney and King George V.  Bismarck was pounded into a floating wreck, finally being sunk by the torpedoes of HMS Dorsetshire.  From her crew of 2300 only 110 would be rescued by HMS Dorsetshire and HMS Maori.

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 Shows the action on 26th May 1941 by Swordfish from HMS Ark Royal on the German battleship Bismarck. Fresh from her triumphant encounter with HMS Hood, Bismarck was struck by Swordfishs torpedo which jammed her rudder and was finished off by the home fleet on 27th May 1941.
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 HMS Benbow was completed in 1914, built by Beardmore (launched 12th November 1913). On the 10th of December she joined the Grand Fleet serving with the 4th Battle squadron. She was the flagship to Admiral Douglas Gamble until he was replaced in February 1915 by Sir Doveton Sturdee. During  the Battle of Jutland. she suffered no damage. After the war she served from 1919 in the Mediterranean providing Gun fire support to the white Russians in the Black Sea until 1920. She remained in the Mediterranean until 1926 joining the Atlantic fleet for the next three years until 1929 when she was paid off and scrapped in March 1931.

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 Developed from the Supermarine Seagull, the Walrus was to prove itself a useful and capable workhorse in almost every theatre of the Second World War. Here, HMS Rodney despatches her Shagbat from the catapult atop C turret.

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 Bastogne, Ardennes, Belgium, 20th December 1944.  Newly arrived 81mm Mortars of 2nd Battalion, 506th PIR, 101st Airborne Division, fire in support of U.S. Paratroopers defending against German probes to the north of Bastogne.

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