Naval History by Country :
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| Name :
HMS A1 |
Laid Down : 19th February 1902
Launched : 9th July 1902
Completed : 27th July 1903
Type : Submarine
Class : A
Builder : Vickers Maxim
Country : UK
Pennants : A1
Fate : Used as target from 1904 and sunk August 1911.
Yard No.285 Originally laid down as Submarine Torpedo Boat No.6 She was an enlarged and improved Holland class submarine - 40 ft (12 m) longer than the Royal Navy's five "Holland"-type boats. The most notable improvement was the addition of a conning tower. ubsequent A class boats were even larger and differed from her in several respects. Like all members of her class, she was built at Vickers, Barrow-in-Furness. She was launched on 9 July 1902. Before she left the yard she suffered from a hydrogen explosion. Later while under tow to Portsmouth to join with the rest of the navy's submarines seawater managed to reach her batteries which gave off chlorine gas forcing the evacuation of the vessel.
She was accidentally sunk in the Solent on 18 March 1904 whilst carrying out a practice attack on Juno by being struck on the starboard side of the conning tower by a mail steamer, SS Berwick Castle which was en route from Southampton to Hamburg. She sank in only 39 ft (12 m) of water, but the boat flooded and the entire crew was drowned. One consequence was that all subsequent Royal Navy submarines were equipped with a watertight hatch at the bottom of the conning tower. She was raised on 18 April 1904 and repaired and re-entered service. Following a petrol explosion in August 1910, she was converted to a testbed for the Admiralty's Anti-Submarine Committee. She was lost a year later when running submerged but unmanned under automatic pilot. Although the position of her sinking was known at the time, all efforts to locate her were fruitless. It was not until 1989 that the wreck was discovered by a local fisherman at Bracklesham Bay, approximately 5 mi (8.0 km) away. It is thought that she was only partially flooded when she sank, and the resulting partial buoyancy meant that the wreck moved in the strong local currents.
HMS A1 Photos for Sale
The Coning Tower of A 1.
Submarine A1 (nearest depot ship) and three Holland Class submarines.
Photos Submitted Through Our Directory
Newspaper report of the Inquest into the loss of A1
Inquest Newspaper cutting
Timeline Entries :
19th February 1902 - Laid down at Vickers sons and Maxim Ltd, Barrow-in-Furness
19th February 1902 - Laid down at Vickers (Barrow)
9th July 1902 - Launched
23rd July 1903 - Completed
1st August 1903 - Arrived Portsmouth
22nd September 1903 - Carried out torpedo practice in Stokes Bay
14th March 1904 - Lt. Mansergh in Command
14th March 1904 - Rammed by SS Berwick 1.5miles off Nab light
July 1904 - Used for target practice
April 1909 - Based at Portsmouth
Database Currently Holds : 6278 ships and 6289 crew!
Last edited : 14:56, January 3, 2017
By : HMS
Everything we obtain for this site is shown on the site, we do not have any more photos, crew lists or further information on any of the ships.
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